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Chester Progressive
Chester , California
October 24, 1946     Chester Progressive
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October 24, 1946

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CHESTER PROGRESSIVE Boost Beautiful Plumas ...... WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Press for Timber Conservation; Red Bloc Hits Italo Peace Pact; Greece Wracked by Inflation Released by Western Newspaper Union DITOK'S NOTE: When opinions are zpressed in these columns, they are those of estern Newspaper Union'o news analysts and not neeessarlly of this newspaver.) ;m,.,,. . "4 J llITM1 | IIOAST ,,,." '43 IB  * 33, $B0ii UAST s25, .fRESH YOUNG LAMe 43, mrrs .25. RACKS irPTS  |J' 3|'liU:'IIIS':',,'+" Z;.: 3) Lest the reader become too excited, the above is a reproduction of an advertisement that appeared in s Toronto, Canada, newspaper. Indicating an abundance of meat in the dominion, ads of this type are a common sight in Canada. TIMBER: Debate Control Government versus private con- trol of the 345 million acres of pri- vately owned timber-land occupied delegates to the first congress of the American Forestry association since 1905. The need for Some sort of ef- fective management of the nation's lumber resources is pointed up by an 11 per cent drop in reserves since 1938. Calling for government control of private timber-land, comprising 57 per cent of the forest area in the U. S., Secretary of Agriculture An- derson stated that current annual lumber cutting exceeds new growth by 50 per cent. Because of the steady reduction in reserves, the to- tal new stands at a low of 1 tril- lion, 601 billion board feet. Samuel T. Dana, dean of the school of forestry of the University of Mich- 'igan, pushed the so-called Higgins Lake proposals for private manage- merit drawn up earlier this year by I| forestry and conservation experts at Higgins Lake, Mich. Justifying private operations, the proposals called for an intensive educational earcaign to emphasize importance of timber resources to the nation's welfare. PARIS: Italian Pact Following a pitched warning from Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov against the division of the world into eastern  and western blocs, the  Paris peace conference ! sppraved the proposed ii treaty for Italy.  . Because it consid-iil ered the treaty opposed l to the interests of its !!i Yugoslav ally, Russia led the bitter fight Molotov against adoption of the pact. Championing Yugoslavia's cause, Molotov shouted that Russia would not permit the western pow- ers to dictate to the "new Slavic demcracies." and reiterated Len- in's axiom that "a people which takes its destiny into its own hands Is invincible.'" The Russian bloc's objections to the treaty centered against estab- Ushment of a strong, neutral gov- ernor for the key port of Trieste, and creation of a new Italo-Yugoslav border. A strong governor would deprive the mixed Italian-Yugoslav popula- tion of its sell-rule, Molotov declared in calling for a powerful onstitu- ent assembly.  An alliance of Italian Yugoslav Communists would have given the Reds control of the stra- tegic city. Tne new Italo-Yugoslav border leaves the Slovene population of Go- riga and the Isonzo yalley in Italy as a racial minority, Yugoslavia charged. MEAT: Predict Plenty In pressing the administration to decqmtrol livestock, the beef indus- try advisory commltteo dectsred =bat there were sufficient cattle in the country to meet the require. merits of the next 12 months but they were being kept from market because of price inequities. Citing department of agriculture statistics, the committee said there were SO million head of cattle and calves on farms Jan. 1, of which 40 million were available for meat. Despite heavy marketings this sum- mer, 55 million head of cattle were available for meat by Sept. 24-30. Estimating that supplies will be nlly 15 per cent above require- EUROPE : Needs Fertilizer Europe will continue to need much more food than it can produce for st least two more years, according to Homer J Henney. director of the Colorado A. and M. college ex- periment station, who spent late 1945 and early 1946 in Europe as deputy director of food and agri- culture for the U. S. military gov- ernment. The basic reason, he ex- plained, Is lack of commercial fer- tilizers. ments, the committee concluded that there would be 72.5 pounds of beef and veal per person from Oct. 1, 1946, to Oct. 1, 1947. This com- pares with 60.6 pounds per capita in the 15 year prewar base period. GREECE: Inflation-Ridden With goods and "hard" money scarce, inflation is riding high in Greece, A full meal without wine now costs more than $4 and second. hand clothing sells at $150 to $200 and shoes at $30. As in all inflation-ridden countries, the dollar commands a premium in national exchange. While the offi- cial rate is 500 drachmas to the dol- lar, speculators offer as much as 6,500 drachmas for a dollar. By sell. ing dollars, then reconverting their drachmas to U. S. currency again, Americans can make a pretty profit. Indicative of the Greek govern. ment's desire for "hard" money, employees of the American embas- sy who are paid in gold flown from the U. S. receive 17,000 drachmas per dollar. This is three times the ordinary official rate. Because there is no food rationing or price control over staple items, Greek white collar workers paid on fixed salaries are especially hit. To rocure essentials, they must deal in the black market, make connec- tions with government or business officials, or sell personal belongings. WAGES: Production Bonus In addressing the American Man- agement association in Boston, F. D. Newbury, vice president of West- inghouse Electric corporation, ad- vanced a new formula for keeping postwar wages and prices within bounds. Newbury's plan calls for main- taining basic wage and salary rates at their lresent level and payment to employees of additional income in proportion to increased volume of production, ability to pay and ef- ficiency of the individual organiza. tion. Stating that the proposal could not be called a profit-sharing plan, he said that the bonus payments would be considered as part of operating costs, with employees entitled to the maximum a company could afford to pay. Terming the plan highly flexible, Newbury said that an en- terprise could easily readjust its wages if business declined. ARMY: Charge Misconduct Claiming that he possessed infer. marion involving highly placed army officials connected with the Nazi war crimes trials of miscon- duct with wives of the prosecuted bigwigs, Sen. Hugh B. Mitchell (Des., Wash.) revealed his inten- tion of asking the senate war inves. tigating committee to make a full. blown inquiry into the charges. Mitchell declared that he had been informed that Frau yon Schi. raeh, wife of the Hitler youth leader who received 20 years, was one of the wives of the Nazi leaders who was guest of honor at champagne parties allegedly thrown by the ac. cused army officials. Wives of high S.S. officers under investigation for war crimes also were invited to the "dimly lit" drinking jousts. The senator stated that he had been informed that Heinrich Hoff. man, former personal photographer of Adolf Hitler, served as a go-be. tween for the women and U. S. of. ficials. etained to identify prom. inent Nazis, Hoffman was said to be in the pay of the American gov- ernment. i Vets Prefer Business A survey just completed at North. western university of the career preferences of 5.659 veterans en- rolled for full-time study this fall showed that business is the tol choice of these veterans, with 30 per cent selecting this tleld as a life. work. The choice in other fields Is as tel:own: engineering and the physical sciences, 22 per cent; law. i1 per cent; medicine, 11 per cent; teaching, 10 per cent; Journalism, =mr cent and dent/stry, 5 per cent. EISENHOWER HONORED IN EUROPE . . . More and more honors were heaped upon Gem Dwight Eisenhower on his trip through Europe. With Mrs. Eiscnhower, he is shown chatting with King George of Eng- land at Balmoral, Scotland, where the Eisenhowers were guests of the royal family. General Eisenhower previously visited the castle which was presented him by the citizens of Scotland. Every city presented him with medals and keys to the city. He was also given freedom of the city wherever he appeared in Scotland and England. TURNS NIGHT INTO DAY . . . Prof. Etienne Vassy, 37, expert on atmospheric physics at Sorbonne university, Paris, pictured with his wife In their laboratory as they announced discovery of formula for turning night into day. By means of radio transmission of optical waves directed at luminous strata, Professor Vassy says he will be able to capture enough light from the sky to read without lamps or to drive without headlights at night. TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS . . . Mountains of Long Island, N. Y., potatoes, nearly 4,000 bushels on the Charles McVay ranch at Itiverhead. They were purchased by the U. S. government at ap- proximately $1.67 a hundred pounds. While Suffolk county ]potato growers have enjoyed bumper crops tiffs year, they are encountering difficulties in getting their yields to market. Many of the potatoes started to spoil in the field before freight cars were made available. WHO SAYS THERE'S A MEAT SHORTAGE . , . With retail butcher shops closing in most cities, this Is a rar scene at the Reevytown, N. J., abattoir, where owner, John Martiniuk, ex-G.!., decided to sll retail at OPA prices his big supply of all kinds of meat. Martinluk, who employs 12 butchers, all veterans, opened his slaughterhouse to the public in order to keep his men on the Job and at the same tome give meat hungry customers their favorite cuts. NEW CHIEF JUSTICE . . . When the United States Supreme court began its new term, in a brief but ceremonious session, Fred M. Vinson, was installed as the new chief justice. He is shown above as he took his place on the bench. NEW LEGION COMMANDER. o. Paul H. Griffith, Uniontown, Pa., newly elected commander of the American Legion. Twenty-eight years ago he was roiled in an army blanket and left on road- side for burial after being report- ed dead. ++++++++++ BltilT00'++00++ ++:.+++++im TYPING KING , . . Albert Tan- gore, seven-time winner of the world's championship typing title, Is shown at the National Business show, New York City. He set a record of 142 words per minute for an hour straight to make rec- ord. KING OF PICKERS . . . Eugene Chinault, 41, of Memphis, Tenn., grins delightedly at the $I,000 first prize which he won as champion picker at the National Cotton pick- ing contest at Blytheville, Ark. He picked 109 pounds in two hours. LEGION AUXILIARY HEAD o .. Mrs. Dorothy W. Pearl, Detroit, Mich., who was recently elected president of the American Legion Auxiliary, succeeding Mrs. Wal- ter G. Craven, Charlotte, N. O., st the tuitional convention. RELIGION: Urges Action Declaring that the church show cause for its continued once and promote the interes all classes of society, the Oscar F. Blackwelder of the rive council of the United church outlined a broad for aggressive action at the ination's convention in On the home front, Dr. er said the church must: Overcome economic and injustices, with the wa ing abundance for all rather scarcity for profit. Promote equality for religious minorities and see cry qualified person has the to vote. --Emphasize the dignity dividual to offset the chev factor of the whole: war and postwar cruelties. On the international front, Blackwelder called for of U. S. relief from its abundance, promotion of among peoples of the world, cultivation of the spirit of ness to advance WORLD FORCE: Fond Hope In resigning as senior representative on the tions military committee, engaged in drawing up plans world police force, Gen. C. Kenny declared that such ganization was the only of peace but it may take years l years to accomplish. Desire for security and of national sovereignty are the most formidable obstacles to tlon of a world force, the said. Large standing armies are surance of permanent Kenny declared. As for sovereignty, he cited the of individual authority of American colonies for in an all-powerful federal union icated to the interest of all. To achieve real security. loving nations must be to permit passage of troops over their border to meet aggressor and contribute to a force, Kenny stated. Having signed to become commanding oral of the stra*egic air Kenny will be succeeded as U. S. representative by Adm. mend Kelly Turner. Record Sardine Haul Protein-hungry Americans to be assured of good sardines as fishermen scored s ord haul on opening day of the ciflc coast season. crew members of the Rose," operating out of Los are shown with their initial catch of 8,000 tons, The Indies are the other source g dines in the Americas, ITALY: Riot in Rome Angered by plans of the works department to lay off a project, 30,000 Italian surged onto Viminale Rome and waged a stormy against the action. Armed wi hines and sabers, police hold off the mob, with of troops summoned to provide inforcements. While police were able to most of the throng from the some demonstrators broke building and moved as far sl mier Alcide de Gasperi's wrecking furniture as they along. Meanwhile, the arrived in Rome after first post-fascism press Jolted by the uprising, several lives and injured persons, government officials uted the riot to hostile forces trying to embarrass the crate De Gasperi's coalition Though admitting plans to help, the government asserted it was negotiating to absorb the charged workers on other acts. FARM REALTY: Follows Precedent Price trend of farm real during and following World has been much like the ing and following World War cording to Alexander Hamilt: stitute: During the World War I $ the value per acre of farm r  tate rose from an index of 1! 1913 to 14{) in March, 1919, per cent, while during II, it rose from 84 in 1939 March, 1946, or 69 per cent. :